PURPOSE: There is a long history of applying nonviolence (ahimsa) to the natural world: including Jainism, Buddhism, Franciscan spirituality, the modern deep ecology and ecosophy movements, and much else. Gandhi’s insight was to link Hindu oneness of life with Christian active love. His synthesis became ‘the active practice of nonviolence (satyagraha) in defence of life’, including the Natural World, and forms the basis for a discussion about the application of nonviolent resistance strategies to climate change, environmentalism, and the preservation of all forms of life on planet earth. What is this history? What are the implications of Gandhi’s synthesis? What are the possible strategies of resistance? We hope to address these issues in our Natural World section. The Natural World page is edited by Michael Sawyer.